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alexshishka
23.12.2004, 16:01
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Наталья П.
07.05.2005, 09:41
Травматология и ортопедия

Наталья П.
02.06.2005, 18:00
Amtrical Academy of Pediatrics.
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip Practice Guideline: Technical Report.
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__________________
Alon.


Наталья П.
03.06.2005, 12:27
От Алекса Шишкина
Артроскопия (анимация)

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Наталья П.
06.06.2005, 13:27
The Orthopaedic Internet Gateway
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Ресурсы для специалистов и для пациентов

Для пациентов
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Наталья П.
06.06.2005, 20:09
Клинические руководства по заболеваниям костно-мышечной системы

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Наталья П.
13.11.2005, 12:06
Хирургическое и нехирургическое лечение болей в спине и шее
Ресурсы для врачей и пациентов

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Treatment Options for Ruptured Discs in the Low Back
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Наталья П.
08.12.2005, 15:36
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Онлайн книги по ортопедии

Наталья П.
08.12.2005, 16:30
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Orthopedic Procedures


Наталья П.
10.12.2005, 12:34
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Osteoporosis Canada educates, empowers and supports individuals and communities in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.

Наталья П.
22.02.2006, 16:18
Журнал Injury
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Доступны в основном абстракты, но есть и свежие полнотекстовые статьи (если номер журнала помечен желтым квадратиком).
можно писать авторам на эл почту с просьбой выслать полнотекстовый вариант (обычно присылают)

Наталья П.
11.11.2006, 08:52
Weeless Textbook of orthopaedics
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Наталья П.
09.02.2007, 21:23
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Diabetic foot disorders: a clinical practice guideline

Наталья П.
09.02.2007, 21:48
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Evidence-based care guideline for femoral shaft fractures.
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Наталья П.
27.06.2007, 11:43
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Lessons from a Bone Box


Наталья П.
14.08.2007, 12:04
10-minute consultation

Chronic knee pain
Christian David Mallen, George Peat and Mark Porcheret
2007;335;BMJ

A 57 year old self employed painter and decorator presents with a six month history of pain and stiffness in his left knee. The onset was insidious, and the pain has worsened over the past few weeks.


What issues you should cover

Chronic knee pain affects one in four people aged above 55 years. Usually symptoms are mild to moderate. Osteoarthritis—presenting as activity related pain and limitation of movement, crepitus, and intermittent swelling in the absence of constitutional symptoms—is the commonest working diagnosis. Routine blood tests are not needed in these patients. Up to 70% of people with chronic knee pain will have radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis, but radiography results are only weakly related to symptoms. Plain radiography is not recommended for routine confirmation of the clinical diagnosis of osteoarthritis.

Exclude “red flags” signs and symptoms that indicate immediate referral (significant trauma, evidence of severe local inflammation, sepsis). Do an initial investigation before specialist referral if you suspect an inflammatory cause. Consider extra-articular (referred pain from hip or back) and peri-articular (bursitis) causes.

Useful indicators of prognosis are level of disability, severity of pain, body mass index, and psychological status. His occupation and employment status may be important in deciding management options.

Be alert to comorbid conditions that may affect the pain and its management (such as further mobility restric tion, polypharmacy).



What you should do

• Aim to reach a shared understanding of the problem and formulate a management plan that will enable him to control his pain, minimise disability, and prevent progression.

• Have a look at both knees and assess the joint. This will help form your differential diagnosis. Basic examination should include range of movement (including hip rotation), muscle strength, ligament stability, and varus or valgus malalignment. The absence of findings such as crepitus and bony enlargement does not rule out osteoarthritis.

• Discuss his worries and the probable cause of his pain and disability and disabuse him of common myths about arthritis (see box). Reassure him and be positive—referring, for example, to “wear and repair” of the joint, not “wear and tear.”

• Written material and contact details (such as those of the Arthritis Research Campaign) may help him understand the diagnosis and in self help. Find out what treatments he has already tried and what his preferences are.

• Non-pharmacological interventions are an important part of management for all patients. Encourage him to stay active, lose weight (if he is overweight or obese), consider a regular exercise routine, and, if necessary, modify his occupational activities.
• Review his treatment, including over the counter painkillers and supplements. He may want advice on glucosamine or chondroitin sulphate; results of trials have been mixed, and the latest show little benefit to symptoms. Paracetamol is the recommended first-line oral analgesic, with the option of moving up (and down) the analgesic ladder when appropriate. Discuss the risks and benefits of oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) if these are being considered. He may prefer to live with slightly more pain for less chance of serious side effects or to use topical NSAIDs. Injections of corticosteroid into the joint are also a future option for pain relief.

• Referral to physiotherapy can give him access to a range of effective non-pharmacological treatments, including exercise instruction and supervision, acupuncture, walking aids, and advice on activity.

• Consider referral to rheumatology or orthopaedics only if he has red flag symptoms or an unclear diagnosis; if he needs surgery; or if he does not respond to primary care treatment.



Common myths about arthritis

• Nothing can be done about it
• You mustn’t exercise if you have it
• Only elderly people get it
• Surgery always makes you better
• The only options are paracetamol and surgery
• You can’t work if you have arthritis
Source: Department of Health, Musculoskeletal Services Framework


Useful resources

Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Alliance Standards of Care. [Ссылки могут видеть только зарегистрированные и активированные пользователи]
Chard J, Smith C, Lohmander S, Scott D. Osteoarthritis of the knee. Clinical evidence. [Ссылки могут видеть только зарегистрированные и активированные пользователи]
Department of Health. Musculoskeletal Services Framework. Available at [Ссылки могут видеть только зарегистрированные и активированные пользователи]
Jordan K, Arden N, Doherty M, et al. EULAR recommendations 2003: an evidence based approach to the management of knee osteoarthritis. Report of a task force of the standing committee for international clinical studies including therapeutic trials (ESCISIT). Ann Rheum Dis 2003;62:1145-55
UK Arthritis Research Campaign. [Ссылки могут видеть только зарегистрированные и активированные пользователи]

This is part of a series of occasional articles on common problems in primary care. The BMJ welcomes contributions from GPs

Наталья П.
27.11.2007, 21:46
BioMed Central has launched the following new open access journal:

Title: Journal of Trauma Management & Outcomes
Editor(s)-in-chief: Axel Ekkernkamp
Abbreviation: J Trauma Manage Outcomes
ISSN: 1752-2897
URL: [Ссылки могут видеть только зарегистрированные и активированные пользователи]

This journal considers articles on all aspects of research on trauma, with a focus on interventions with proven efficacy and effectiveness in improving clinically relevant outcomes such as mortality, morbidity, quality of life, function, and costs. It will serve as a scientific platform for clinical researchers and practitioners involved in the different stages of caring for patients with musculoskeletal, visceral, and multiple injuries.

Journal of Trauma Management & Outcomes will consider Research article, Reviews, Methodology articles, Hypotheses, Study protocols, and Short reports.

The journal operates an open peer review policy, meaning that referees reports are made publicly available. Initial reviews are conducted by at least two referees. The Editorial Board will be consulted in case of conflicting reviews. Where possible, a first decision will be made within six weeks of submission. The current articles are in their provisional PDF format, but the full-text and final PDF versions will be available shortly.